FM 25-101 PDF

FM , Training The Force, established our training doctrine. FM , Battle Focused Training, applies this doctrine and assists leaders. Back to Lessons Learned page. Appendix G to FM , Battle Focused Training, 30 September APPENDIX G. AFTER ACTION REVIEWS. Both during. Battle Focused Training: FM [U.S. Army] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.

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For all performance-oriented training, the after action review AAR is the key in providing this feedback.

Plan Stopping Points An observer cannot see everything each soldier does during an exercise; likewise, for other than a brief exercise, the observer cannot review the entire exercise at one AAR. Informal AARs require less planning and preparation than formal AARs and are often on-the-spot reviews of vm and collective training performance at crew, squad, or platoon level.

They use AARs to tell a story about what was planned, what happened during the training, why it happened, and what could have been done differently to improve performance.

They ask open ended questions to ensure the discussion causes soldiers to compare their own performance with established Army standards.

The art of the after action review process is to get soldiers to accurately grade their own performances. A fmm who has experience as a TOW section leader can evaluate the section better than a platoon sergeant who has no TOW experience.

Plan Training Aids Training aids add to the AAR’s effectiveness, but they must be carefully selected and requested well in advance. Perhaps some key information 25–101 missing because a subordinate leader or soldier didn’t think it was important.


FM Battle Focused Training – Table of Contents

Asking the questions above will help eliminate unnecessary aids and assist leaders in selecting those which will best contribute to the 25101. The most difficult task for an AAR leader is to avoid turning the discussion into a critique or lecture.

Use the correct symbols and graphics on maps and overlays.

Leaders guide discussions to bring out important learning points, preferably by the soldiers and subordinate leaders themselves. While some simple shortcomings are immediately retrained, others are scheduled for future training.

Battle Focused Training — FM 7-1 (FM 25-101)

Explore alternative courses of action that might have been more effective. Unit members must be reminded that in combat they too can become leaders, so they must learn to make decisions. Unit graphic control symbols should be included on the terrain model or on a centrally positioned sketch map.

Insufficient space at the AAR site or the ongoing training mission may preclude some unit soldiers from attending. Amazon Drive Cloud storage from Amazon. At each echelon, the AAR will have its own primary set of participants.

If models are used, leaders should move them on the terrain board or map as they discuss the unit’s actions. However, if choosing between experience and rank becomes necessary, experience is better.

Battle Focused Training FM 25-101 September 1990

Formal AARs require more detailed planning, preparation, and resources. He has completed his AAR preparation and squad leaders have assembled the soldiers. Additional time for an AAR at the end of each essential task or major event is necessary.

Link lessons learned to subsequent training. The AAR leader may recommend additional participants, based on specific observations.


Following are ways training aids can be used in the discussion of the FTX: The amount of planning and preparation depends on the type of AAR to be conducted and the resources available. He must limit his input to sustaining the AAR, guiding the discussion back to the right track, or bringing out new points. Use actual terrain as a terrain table and require the participants to point out where specific actions occurred.

Relate tactical events to subsequent results. The AAR process involves several leader functions requiring skill, training, and good judgment. AAR sites should be quiet, protected places where soldiers can feel relatively comfortable. However, soldiers must know where they stand.

FM Appendix G After Action Reviews

Self rendered grading will be more meaningful than a 2-101 issued by the trainer or AAR leader. To do so would be contrary to the AAR’s 25–101 of improving performance. They may be scheduled, or leaders may do on-the-spot reviews during the training.

This encourages unit participation. He can avoid this pitfall by entering the discussion only when necessary. Techniques which will help the AAR leader guide the discussion follow: They should be free to discuss not only what took place, but also why it took place.