Simarubàcia, Simarubàcies o Simaroubaceae és una família de plantes amb flors. Sobre la seva classificació taxonòmica hi ha hagut un important debat. Họ (familia), Simaroubaceae . “The Ecological Impact of Allelopathy in Ailanthus altissima (Simaroubaceae)”. American “Simaroubàceae—Ailanthus family”. Euleria (Anacardiaceae) is Pier asma (Simaroubaceae): The genus genera of Simaroubaceae and species of Picrasma. .. Palinología de la familia.
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Cocoa butter extender from Simarouba glauca fat. Simarouba amara extract increases human skin keratinocyte differentiation.
In this context, in order to base and direct future studies, the present work is a review of literature from untiland contemplates botanical, chemical and pharmacological aspects of the family’s main species. In a recent review, Barbosa and collaborators described 39 quassinoids isolated from nine species of the genus Simaba.
In vivo antimalarial activities of Quassia amara and Quassia undulata plant extracts in mice. In vitro anti trypanosomal activities of quassinoid compounds from the fruits of a medicinal plant, Brucea javanica. In this context, Shields et al. Triterpene benzoates from the bark of Picramnia teapensis Simaroubaceae.
Tirucallane, apotirucallane, and octanorapotirucallane triterpenes of Simarouba amara. Polyphenols, anthraquinones, coumarins, flavonoids, lignans, limonoids, quinines, fatty acids, phenylpropanoids and vitamins have been reported for the different species of the Simaroubaceae family Chart 1although many species have not been chemically studied yet. Quassin, as well as simalikalactone D, bruceantine, glaucarubinone and isobrucein, has been proven to be an effective aphid antifeedant agent against the Mexican bean beetle Epilachna varivestisthe diamondback moth Plutella xylostela and the south caterpillar Daido et al.
Eight steroids were isolated from four species of the genus Simaba and their structure was elucidated Barbosa et al. Quassinoid bitter principles II. In addition to the ethnopharmacological uses, plants from the Simaroubaceae family can be highlighted for their chemical diversity, since the presence of quassinoids, alkaloids, terpenes, steroids, flavonoids, anthraquinones, coumarins, saponins, monoand sesquiterpenes, among others, have been determined.
Chaparrolide and castela nolide, new bitter simaroubacfae from Castela nicholsoni. Progress in the synthesis of canthine alkaloids and ring-truncated congeners.
Bruce antin, a potent amoebicide from the plant Brucea antidysenterica.
This chemical diversity and the simadoubaceae activities of the isolated compounds; such as cytotoxicity, antimalarial, insecticidal, antitumor, hypoglycemic, antiulcer activities, among others, characterize skmaroubaceae species of this particular family. Quassinoids from Picrasma javanica. A new role for botanical extracts. Plants as sources of antimalarial drugs, Part 6: Quassinoids and a coumarin from Castela macrophylla Simaroubaceae.
Structures of shinjulactones F, I, J and K. Discussion and Conclusion This paper is a review of the botanical, chemical and pharmacological simzroubaceae of the major genera and species of Simaroubaceae family. Quassinoids from Ailanthus excelsa. Its flowers are, generally, placed together in axial inflorescences, showing free or fused sepals, free petals, stamens in double of the number of the petals, filaments usually with appendix.
In order to direct further investigation to approach detailed botanical, chemical and pharmacological aspects of the Simaroubaceae, the present work reviews the information regarding the main genera of the family up to Quassinoids exhibit greater selectivity against Plasmodium falciparum than aginst Entamoeba histolytica, Giardia intestinalis or Toxoplasma gondii in vitro.
Indonesian medicinal plants VIII. Chaparrin from Castela nicholsoni. Structure of gniakialcohol, a new ionone derivative from Picrasma ailanthoides Planchon. Cytotoxic and antimalarial constituents from the roots of Eurycoma longifolia. Use of microdilution to assess in vitro antiamoebic activities of Brucea javanica fruits, Simarouba amara stem, and a number of quassinoids. Antifeedant activity of Quassia amara Simaroubaceae extracts on Hypsipyla grandella Lepidoptera: Biologically active quassinoids and their chemistry: Simaroubaceae extract and its bioactive simaoubaceae in rats.
AECHL-1, a quassinoid isolated from Ailanthus excelsa, inhibited the growth of melanoma, prostate cancer, carcinoma and mammary adenocarcinoma cell lines.
Antiplasmodial activity of extracts and simwroubaceae isolated from seedlings of Ailanthus altissima Simarouba eae. The ovary is superior, above a short gynophore or above a four or five carpels disk, generally free at the base and fused by the style with one in the case of Quassia or two ovules per carpel.
Structures of shinjulactones B, D and E. Brucea ntin is the main compound studied due to its noted antileukemic simaroubacceae, which has enabled its use in clinical tests simaroubaceaw the United States National Cancer Institute Polonsky et al.
Insecticide against Tetranychus urticae, Myzus persicae and Meloidogyne incognita.
Simaroubaceae family: botany, chemical composition and biological activities
Surianeae, Eusimaroubeae and Picramnieae, taking into account the nature of the carpels and styles, as well as the number of ovules. Chemical constituents ; Simaba; Simarouba; Simaroubaceae; Quassia.
Isolation and characterization of a new glabretal triterpene from Quassia multiflora. Compounds with a higher antimalarial activity include: Brazilian plants as possible adaptogens: