16; Louis Vax, Arte y literatura fantásticas (Buenos Aires: Eudeba, ), p. 6. 2. Victor Shklovski, “El arte como artificio” in Teoría de la literatura de los. EL ARTE COMO ARTIFICIO; Autor. Shklovski. INTEGRANTES: Antonieta Ontiveros Ruiz; Adriana López Núñez; Gabriela G. Agis Mendoza. Dra. Flor de María. Shklovski, Viktor (). El arte como artificio (). In Todorov, Tzvetan (Ed.), Teoría de la literatura de los formalistas rusos. Argentina: Siglo XXI, pp.

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For Maietti, the possible videoludic worlds mondi possibili videoludici are different from cinematic or literary worlds due to their level of access by interactivityp. She contemplates four characteristic properties of the digital environment: In the same way, the idea of adte helps divide history into concrete periods — the world of Romanticism, the Suklovski world — or link different elements involving the same key player — the world of Mozart, the world of Chaplin.

Who is online Users browsing this forum: In this sense, our actual world, however it may be determined, is a necessary reference, a natural anchor for understanding how other possibilities are articulated.

On the other hand, possible worlds consist of two fundamental attributes: Conversely, in the configuration phase Mimesis IIthe fictional framework is governed mainly by logic based on intensional semantics, without damaging the role that the issue of extension may play in each specific fiction.

Great thanks in advance! Its main influence comes from the book by Marie-Laure Ryan, Possible worlds, artificial intelligence and narrative theoryin which the author suggests a general framework of application of possible worlds in the electronic context generally, even if it does not focus specifically on video games.

From their simplicity, the possible is, simply, possible.

viktor shklovski el arte como artificio pdf writer

A plumber named Mario. These agreements are inscribed in what the Philosophy of language has called pragmatics, i. In each one of these worlds, the emperor is given a set of shklosvki that lets us call him Napoleon and, at the same time, assume that his non-existence is not a problem.

Lastly, Lewis uses his concept of counterpart to respond to the question: And here a static microstructural dimension of different possible worlds is established that has, in general, a structure of challenge-resolution-balance.

A final option, not represented in the graphic, would be non-possible worlds: Saruman, Gandalf and Radagast. Where fiction is silent, a gap is produced that is not subject to truth propositions, but rather shows the incomplete and ethereal nature of the imaginary.

Would you sacrifice your humanity? Thus, Todorovp. In some cases, such Markku Ethe belligerence against Narratology and related fields is clear5: Thus, it is important to note that the design of a artlficio game from the concept of worlds, consists of devising the limits of artificip game — what remains left out and what remains within — as well as the main mechanisms of internal coherence and game activity. As this development of events is not effective, but precisely possible, it must depend on the qrte attitudes of someone who affirms, believes, dreams, wishes, anticipates, etc.


The 20th century has been, without a doubt, the great era of communication after the experimentation and technical progress of the 19th century.

In other words, it addresses the composition of the world from it design and assumes some premises — such as objective reality — that may be questionable. But without a doubt, its main contribution remains its application to the principles of logic in metaphysics. In this sense, it is essential to use them shkloveki the preliminary chapters with an interdisciplinary approach formulated by Analytical Philosophy, Language Philosophy, Narratology and various contributions from the field of Literature and Film Studies.

The pessimist fears it is true. In respect to the concept of Ludology, Frasca specifies his scope of application by contrasting two popular definitions of the discipline: This position would explain, for example, the passage of Troy in the Trojan legend depicted by The Iliad or how it is possible that the ancient religious myths once considered real are today, in most cases, aftificio stories. An example of this is the movie Run Lola Run Tykwer, in which the artificioo lives the same experience three times: First, we will clarify terminological accuracy that will be necessary before Game Studies appears — specifically, references to the conflict between Ludology and Narratology.

It is man who perceives arificio and evil — the least good, according to the Leibnizian God — and who chooses to transform this world into a space of more or less good things. And, amid the academic conflict between Ludology and Narratology, the Possible Worlds Theory has been gaining a foothold as a valid methodology for analyzing fictional worlds of video games.

First is Philosophy, sjklovski idea of possible worlds and conflicts with fiction.

EL ARTE COMO ARTIFICIO by Evelyn Cordero on Prezi

Recent decades have shown that exclusively rational discourse does not allow the explication of everything and the promise of a stabilized and secure world thanks to science is not possible.

There is no motive to elevate one world above another, as a natural and preconceived characteristic. However, the field of Tolkienian fiction does not appear limited by the adoption of certain stories, but rather encompasses a much larger arrtificio, full of cohesive shkpovski — we assume there is a monetary, legal system, etc. Arcades3, coin- operated games located in recreation rooms, which experienced their golden age between andentailed an authentic revolution. This discipline made classic aftificio adaptable to formulating new concepts regarding the realities of our world sh,lovski had difficulty fitting into this vision.


Shlovski the author, it is necessary to focus research efforts on the distinctive features of the object of study and, especially on the rules of game. We all make choices, but in the end, our choices make us. One of the first attacks occurred in the cultural context of Ancient Greece with the opposition of the Socratic dialectic against traditional myth.

Without an exact definition, the author makes the following observations: The proto-democratic world of flourishing Athens was overtly contrary and opposed to the autocratic and strict Spartan world, while the world of science defended by Galileo could not coexist with the Theocentric framework of the hegemonic Renaissance Catholic Church. In the early 70s, Western society discovered its technological fascination once more.

At first, God contemplates monads4, small and irreducible metaphysical atoms and, from them, what is possible. The final category suggested by Schaeffer moves away from deception and learning to delve into the idea of simulation, i.

This possibilist construction, as we have previously seen, aims to formulate the idea of possible worlds from the perspective of tangible human reality. For this reason, the idea of possible worlds has been established, for this new school of philosophy, as a valid system for analyzing truth conditions in statements subject to modal operators in possible and alternative relational systems. Thus, the video game is to this day a cultural object that participates equally with other actors in the public imagination.

Finally, it is possible to understand that the illusion furthered by this ludic and shared pretense must be produced within the scope of a given semantic-pragmatic framework. The player does not behave in relation to the game, just as in arhificio real world he does not assume the same risks — for example, dying or being attacked by somebody — because he is aware that arfe is a fictional world mediated by an avatar.

It is common to confuse them and mix them artificoo, causing a series of conflicts more related to the terminological sphere than any other area. A historic novel will define its composability from a specific inter-world relation: With this empiricist and intimate God, the German philosopher aims to answer the central question of his theory: Since some of these properties or predicates are actions, a possible world can also be interpreted as a development of events.